Please enable JavaScript to access the full features of the site. Zinc is also used in alloys such as brass, nickel silver and aluminium solder. Density (g cm−3) It is used to coat other metal (galvanizing) to protect them from rusting, 90% of the zinc is used for galvanizing steel. It is part of those elements which humans have been expanding for thousands of years. Most common uses: The alloy brass contains copper and anywhere from 20-45% of zinc, depending upon the type of brass. You may browse, download or print out one copy of the material displayed on the Site for your personal, non-commercial, non-public use, but you must retain all copyright and other proprietary notices contained on the materials. Photolysis of ZnCH 2 generates the carbynezinc hydride HZnCH, which is 100 kJ mol −1 less stable than A, and has a triplet 3 Σ − ground state. Next week, what's lurking in your basement. The availability of suitable substitutes for a given commodity. Melting point The unit of measure for mass is the atomic mass unit (amu). The most common form of galvanization is hot dip galvanization, where iron or steel is slid through a bath of liquid zinc at around 460 degrees Celsius, forty degrees above its melting point. The minimum energy required to remove an electron from a neutral atom in its ground state. Large quantities of zinc are used to produce die-castings, which are important in the automobile, electrical and hardware industries. Zinc, sometimes called spelter, is a chemical element.It is a transition metal, a group of metals.It is sometimes considered a post-transition metal.Its symbol on the periodic table is "Zn".Zinc is the 30th element on the periodic table, and has an atomic number of 30. Zinc is a slightly brittle metal at room temperature and has a blue-silvery appearance when oxidation is removed. Gold. Low = substitution is possible with little or no economic and/or performance impact. I'm Chris Smith, thank you for listening, and goodbye. The description of the element in its natural form. It is the first element in group 12 (IIB) of the periodic table. It was first recognised as a metal in its own right in India and the waste from a zinc smelter at Zawar, in Rajasthan, testifies to the large scale on which it was refined during the period 1100 to the 1500. In chemistry, the formula weight is a quantity computed by multiplying the atomic weight (in atomic mass units) of each element in a chemical formula by the number of atoms of that element present in the formula, then adding all … Sources, facts, uses, scarcity (SRI), podcasts, alchemical symbols, videos and images. It is given by the ratio of the shear stress to the shear strain. All such documents and related graphics are provided "as is" without any representation or endorsement made and warranty of any kind, whether expressed or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of fitness for a particular purpose, non-infringement, compatibility, security and accuracy. It provides a measure of how difficult it is to extend a material, with a value given by the ratio of tensile strength to tensile strain. ●The atomic number of zinc is the number of protons in zinc's nucleus. Zinc has a mass number of 65.38. The transition of a substance directly from the solid to the gas phase without passing through a liquid phase. Zn I Ground State 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 3d 1 0 4s 2 1 S 0 Ionization energy 75769.33 cm-1 (9.394199 eV) Ref. The Chemical Abstracts Service registry number is a unique identifier of a particular chemical, designed to prevent confusion arising from different languages and naming systems. Zinc, symbol Zn, has a Simple Hexagonal structure and SlateGray color.    Alkali Metals Members of a group typically have similar properties and electron configurations in their outer shell. 12.    Melting Point 30: Zinc - Zincum [Zn] Group: 12 Period: 4 Atomic number: 30 Atomic mass: 65.38 Configuration: [Ar] 3d 10 4s 2 Atomic radius: 142 pm Covalent radius: 122 pm Electron affinity: 0 eV Ionization energy: 9.3942 eV Electronic term: 1 S 0 Mass fraction in the earth crust: 0.000078 Mass fraction in the earth space: 0.0000003 Electronegativity: 1.65    Atomic Mass (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12) Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol. World production is more than 11 million tonnes a year. It is a fair conductor of electricity, and burns in air at high red heat temperature with rise of white clouds of the oxide. An East India Company ship which sank off the coast of Sweden in 1745 was carrying a cargo of Chinese zinc and analysis of reclaimed ingots showed them to be almost the pure metal. This is where the 'galvanic' part of the name comes in. An alchemical symbol for zinc is against an abstract background inspired by zinc roofing materials. This is a list of chemical elements, sorted by atomic mass (or most stable isotope) and color coded according to type of element.Each element's atomic number, name, element symbol, and group and period numbers on the periodic table are given. In fact electricity's role is surprisingly subtle. Nor shall the RSC be in any event liable for any damage to your computer equipment or software which may occur on account of your access to or use of the Site, or your downloading of materials, data, text, software, or images from the Site, whether caused by a virus, bug or otherwise. The percentage of a commodity which is recycled. These values were determined using several different methods. Element Zinc (Zn), Group 12, Atomic Number 30, d-block, Mass 65.38.    Alkaline Earth Metals Zinc is … The most common ore of zinc is sphalerite (zinc sulfide) and contains around 60% of zinc . The name is derived from the German, 'zinc', which may in turn be derived from the Persian word 'sing', meaning stone. Chemistry in its element is brought to you by the Royal Society of Chemistry and produced by. Atomic Mass = Number of Protons+Number of Neutrons Atomic Mass = Number of Protons + Number of Neutrons Find the element Zn Zn on the periodic table. An integrated supply risk index from 1 (very low risk) to 10 (very high risk). You may not further copy, alter, distribute or otherwise use any of the materials from this Site without the advance, written consent of the RSC. Half of the distance between two unbonded atoms of the same element when the electrostatic forces are balanced. The mass of an atom relative to that of carbon-12. Zinc has the symbol Zn. Download our free Periodic Table app for mobile phones and tablets. Initially the zinc simply stops the air getting to the iron, but later the zinc corrodes in preference to iron in an electro-chemical process, acting as a so-called sacrificial anode. The tendency of an atom to attract electrons towards itself, expressed on a relative scale. ; Zinc is the fourth most common metal used today (after iron, aluminum, and copper). Note that, each element may contain more isotopes, therefore this resulting atomic mass is calculated from naturally-occuring isotopes and their abundance. The coating prevents the object treated from rusting. If you are in any doubt, please ask. Where more than one isotope exists, the value given is the abundance weighted average. The temperature at which the liquid–gas phase change occurs. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Zn-65 (Zinc, atomic number Z = 30, mass number A = 65). It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Zn-80 (Zinc, atomic number Z = 30, mass number A = 80). Even the origins of that evocative name are uncertain. The atomic mass or relative isotopic mass refers to the mass of a single particle, and therefore is tied to a certain specific isotope of an element. Zinc is the 24th most abundant element in Earth's crust and has five stable isotopes. ●The atomic mass of zinc is … A percentile rank for the political stability of the top producing country, derived from World Bank governance indicators. In no event shall the RSC be liable for any damages including, without limitation, indirect or consequential damages, or any damages whatsoever arising from use or loss of use, data or profits, whether in action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the material available from this Site. High = substitution not possible or very difficult. Copyright of and ownership in the Images reside with Murray Robertson. Zinc is a bluish-white, lustrous, diamagnetic metal. Zinc, symbol Zn, has a Simple Hexagonal structure and SlateGray color. Electron configuration The principal mining areas are in China, Australia and Peru. Values are given for typical oxidation number and coordination. Use of this web site is restricted by this site's license  Help This is calculated by combining the scores for crustal abundance, reserve distribution, production concentration, substitutability, recycling rate and political stability scores. The arrangements of electrons above the last (closed shell) noble gas. Electron affinityThe energy released when an electron is added to the neutral atom and a negative ion is formed. What are the mass numbers of the naturally occurring isotopes of zinc shown in Model 1? Zinc - zinc - zinc - you can almost hear a set of coins falling into an old fashioned bath. The RSC has been granted the sole and exclusive right and licence to produce, publish and further license the Images. Brass is easy to work and is a good electrical conductor. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Zn-58 (Zinc, atomic number Z = 30, mass number A = 58). Uncombined elements have an oxidation state of 0. The temperature at which the liquid–gas phase change occurs. Atomic Mass of Zinc Atomic mass of Zinc is 65.409 u.    Noble Gases 2. A traditional dry cell has an outer zinc casing acting as the anode (confusingly the anode, usually thought of as positive, is the negative end of a battery), while a carbon rod provides the cathode, the positive electrode. Zinc is essential for all living things, forming the active site in over 20 metallo-enzymes. Which element would you expect to have a higher mass: cadmium or zinc? What is the atomic mass number of Zn? Represented in the periodic table as Zn, zinc is a transition metal, grouped with cadmium and mercury. Zinc sulfide is used in making luminous paints, fluorescent lights and x-ray screens. The role of the element in humans, animals and plants. Atomic symbol (on the Periodic Table of Elements): Zn 3. What is the atomic mass of carbon? Zn I Ground State 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 3d 1 0 4s 2 1 S 0 Ionization energy 75769.33 cm-1 (9.394199 eV) Ref. 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